Bessy Eva Kathambi, Henry M’Ikiugu Mutembei


The clamor for renewable energy has accelerated in the last decade, presenting unique opportunities for growing cities to become sustainable. The transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy underscores a new frontier in the energy sector and highlights the benefits for environmental sustainability. Nairobi city is presented with a golden opportunity to transit to a sustainable city through accelerated transition to renewable energy by reviewing its energy policies and Institutions. This paper analyzes the perceptions on transition to renewable energy in Nairobi, Kenya for economic growth via green energy jobs, human welfare and a sustainable clean environment. Data was collected from 92 households and five key informants (n=97) using semi-structured questionnaires, interviews and observations. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used to illustrate the nexus between renewable energy and environmental sustainability. Respondents’ understanding of green renewable energy was average (59.0±1.42) with the majority having awareness of energy policies and regulations (56.7±1.62). Respondent’s significantly (56.7±1.40) agreed that transition to renewable energy would enhance cost effectiveness, creation of green energy jobs (69.7±1.66), and (54.6±1.51) for a clean and safe environment. Majority expressed willingness to transit to green renewable energy for perceived benefits socially, economically and environmentally cementing the acceleration for renewable energy transition. Accelerated transition to renewable energy will transform the socio-economic and environmental outlook for Nairobi city.

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