INFLUENCE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP ON THE PERFORMANCE OF PROJECT BASED ORGANIZATIONS: A CASE OF INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Nancy Munyeki, Susan Were

Abstract


 International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works to better lives in developing countries through improving the quality and quantity of livestock in Kenya. However, despite its importance to Kenyan farmers and to the national economy, the efficiency of ILRI has room for improvement. This study sought to investigate on the influence of transformational leadership on the performance of project based organizations in Kenya with a case of International Livestock Research Institute. The study also sought to determine the effect of idealized influence, inspirational motivation, individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation on the performance of project based organizations in Kenya. This study used a descriptive research design. The target population was 111 staff in International Livestock Research Institute. Since the population is small (111) a census will be conducted. This study made use of primary data that was collected by the use of semi-structured questionnaires. The collected quantitative data was edited and coded into a statistical package (Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21) for analysis. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze quantitative data. In descriptive statistics, the study used frequency, mean, standard deviation and percentages. The analyzed data was then presented in tables and figures. On the other hand, thematic content analysis was used to qualitative data and the results were presented in form of a prose. Further, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to establish the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables. The study established that idealized influence has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β1=0.306, p-value=0.000). The study also found that inspirational motivation has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β2=0.182, p-value=0.034). The study revealed that individual consideration has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β3=0.208, p-value=0.020). The study further established that intellectual stimulation has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β4=0.455, p-value=0.000). This study recommends that the management should focus on acknowledging and attending to the needs of employees. In addition, it should develop a coaching and mentorship program to improve the skills of the staff, which can subsequently influence their productivity and hence performance.


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References


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