EFFECTS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN NAIROBI CITY COUNTY

MWANIKI Caroline Wawira, WERE Susan

Abstract


The study main objective was to find out the effects of project management practices on Community Development. The study specific objectives included; to evaluate how Risk management affects community development; to find out how Quality management affects community development; to evaluate how Stakeholder participation affects community development and to find out the effects of Cost Management on community development. The study applied a descriptive research design and the population of the study consisted of 385 respondents from the Kibera slum who are currently registered in the temporary UN center located in the area. The study applied stratified random sampling technique to select a sample size of 196 respondents. The study collected primary data through the use of a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the findings through the use of frequencies and percentages. Inferential statistics was applied through the use of regression analysis to determine the statistical significance of independent variables on dependent variable. The findings were presented in tables, figures and charts. The study found out that the effects of project management practices on community development includes; risk management measures, quality management strategies, level of stakeholdersâ participation and the employed cost management measures. The concluded that stakeholderâs participation with the highest coefficient of 0.387 is the major factor that affects community development most, followed by risk management with a coefficient of 0.367 then quality management with a coefficient of 0.330 and lastly cost management with a coefficient of 0.297. The study recommend for the implementation of effective risk avoidance strategies, effective risk mitigation strategies and adoption effective risk transfer strategies; project managers should implement effective quality management systems like Total Quality Management systems and International Standards of Organizations and implementation of effective project cost management methods.


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