NEXUS BETWEEN TEACHERS INVOLVEMENT IN HORTICULTURAL FARMING AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN TIMAU DIVISION

Henry Mwenda Rutere, Christopher Mwangi Gakuu

Abstract


The horticultural industry provides an important source of foreign exchange, generates substantial employment, and has contributed to the upgrading of agricultural skills. A number of studies have raised concerns about the benefits that export horticulture provides to employees and the wider economy. However, most people in the horticultural farming areas are paid in wages since they cannot afford to buy farms. Their wages range from Ksh 100 to 200 in a day. Further these people work for long hours in a day (6.00 am to 6.00pm). Parents working in these farms barely spend time with their children. In addition, most of the children in these areas accompany their parents to these horticultural farms; mostly over the weekends. Despite all the laid down strategies by the education stakeholders in Timau division to ensure students perform well in KCPE examinations, many students still continue to perform dismally. The objective of the study was to establish the influence of teachers’ involvement in horticultural farming on academic performance of pupils in primary schools in Timau Division of Buuri District. This study used descriptive research design. The target population for this study was teachers, students and parents in primary schools located in Timau division. The target population of this study was therefore 3156. The researcher used a stratified sampling to select teachers’ pupils and parents from each of the schools. The sample size of this study was therefore 342 respondents. This study used both secondary and primary data. Primary data was collected by use of questionnaires. Each of the primary schools had one group to discuss the questions in the focus group discussion guide. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse quantitative data while content analysis was used in processing of qualitative data. The researcher also used a multivariate regression model. The study found that there is a positive relationship between teachers’ involvement in horticultural farming and academic performance of primary schools. This study therefore recommends that parents should motivate teachers by helping their children to work on homework and by attending school functions and activities. In addition, the government of Kenya should motivate teachers by giving them incentives when their children pass exams.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aziza, F. (2008). The impact of the tomato agroindustry on the rural poor in Mexico. Agricultural Economics, 23:289–297.

Basu, K. (2000). Analytical Development Economics: The Less Developed Economy Revisited. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Benninga, J. S. & Berkowitz, M. W. (2018). The relationship of character education implementation and academic achievement in elementary schools. Journal of research in character education

Bongonko, J. E. (2015). The Geographical Distribution of Teacher Absenteeism in Large Urban School District Settings: Implications for School Reform Efforts Aimed at Promoting Equity and Excellence in Education. Education Policy Analysis, 10 (2017).

Dijkstra, T. and Magori, T. D. (1995). Horticultural production and marketing in Kenya-part 5. Leiden, Leiden African Studies Centre.

Dolan, C. (2017). The good wife: struggles over resources in the Kenyan horticultural sector. Journal of development studies, 37(3), 39-70.

Jeremy Suizo, J. (2017). The Kenya Fresh Vegetable Export Sector, MIMEO. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK.

Joshi, P.K., Gulati, A. Birthal, P.S. & Tewari, L. (2018). Agriculture diversification in South Asia: patterns, determinants, and policy implications. Markets and Structural Studies Division Discussion Paper No. 57. Washington D.C. International Food Policy Research Institute.

Lareuae, P. (2002). Poorer children’s educational attainment: how important are attitudes and behaviour? K:ref research retrieves on 2 august 2010

Maxwell, S. (2019). Launching the DFID consultation “New Directions for Agriculture in Reducing Poverty”.

McCulloch, N. and M. Ota. (2017). Export horticulture and poverty in Kenya. IDS Working Paper 174. Brighton, Sussex: Institute of Development Studies.

Munya, S. (2018). How Does Working as a Child Affect Wages, Income and Poverty as an Adult? In Peter F. Orazem and Guilherme Sedlacek eds. Eradicating Child Labor in Latin America in the 90s: The Promise of Demand Side Interventions. Forthcoming.

Sacker, L., Vaughn, C., Wolfe, M., & Wyant, C. (20073. Reducing Teacher Absences in North Carolina: A Report for the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction.” Duke University.

Weinberger, K. and Lumpkin, T.A. (2015). ‘Horticulture for Poverty Alleviation. The Unfunded Revolution’. AVRDC Working Paper Series, No.15 Taiwan: The World Vegetable Centre.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.