Richard Achiambo


Strategy implementation has been considered as one of the most problematic and complicated areas in strategic management. While the formulation of a strategy may be considered hard, its implementation is even harder. In Kenya, public institutions, and more specifically, County governments, have formulated strategic plans, including the County Integrated Development Plan. In addition, the county governments have adopted strategic leadership in terms of leading and managing change, strategic direction and competencies development. However, despite the adoption of strategic leadership by County governments, the implementation of County Integrated Development Plan is still low and facing some challenges. This study therefore sought to examine the role of strategic leadership in the implementation of County Integrated Development Plan in Busia County. The study also sought to examine the influence of strategic direction, leading and managing change and competencies development on implementation of County Integrated Development Plan. Explanatory research design was adopted in this study and the target population comprised of 38 chief officers and directors in Busia County. The study used a census approach and hence included all the staff working in 38 chief officers and directors in Busia County. The study used primary data, which was collected by use of a structured questionnaire. Quantitative data was analyzed by use both descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 25). Descriptive statistics include frequency distribution, percentages, measures of central tendencies (mean) and measures of dispersion (standard deviation). This was then followed by inferential statistics such as correlation analysis and regression analysis. The study discovered that strategic direction has a positive and statistically significant effect on the implementation of CIDP. In addition, leading and managing change has a positive significant effect on the implementation of CIDP. The study also established that core competencies development has a positive and significant effect on the implementation of CIDP. The study concludes that strategic direction, leading and managing change and core competencies development have a significant effect on implementation of CIDP in Busia County. The study recommends that County governments in Kenya should ensure the development of a vision and mission to guide decision making, which in turn improves the implementation of their strategies including the CIDP. In addition, leaders at the County government of Busia should be at the forefront in the implementation of CIDP and ensure that there are no bureaucracies and there is easy coordination and supervision of CIDP implementation. Further, the administration of the County government of Busia should ensure frequent review and adherence to staff development policies. Also, leaders in the County government should ensure frequent training of employees as well as operational coaching and mentorship programmes so as to improve the skills of the staff necessary in the implementation of CIDP.

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