CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO- ECONOMIC BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES ACRUING FROM SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPETENCY BASED CURRICULUM IN KENYA

Joel Mwangi Wamichwe

Abstract


The ever-increasing demand for skilled and knowledgeable manpower in Kenya has necessitated the introduction of a new system of Education namely, Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC). The competency-based curriculum is a need driven and more of demand-side financing than supply side financing. Introduced in 2018, the new system comprises of 2,6,3, 3,3 meaning the learner has to undergo two years in early childhood education, six year in primary, 3 year in Junior secondary, three years in senior school and three years in University. The system emphasizes student’s centered rather than teacher centered and involves assessment, grading and reporting which is based on demonstration of the learned knowledge and skills. The knowledge and skills are the two pillars of the new system and are based on leaners talents and abilities. The new system is expected to achieve the following; acquisition of skilled and knowledgeable man-power, the goals and core values of education. It is expected that the competency based curriculum will achieve the various socio­-economic benefits namely: skilled man-power, increased foreign earnings and reserves, accumulation of human capital, reduced dependence ratio, reduced crime and poverty rates, improved balance of payment on capital accounts, increased per capita income both at national levels and household levels and boost investors, create quality population and stimulate economic growth among others. However, the above gains may have some associated costs, which include financing of infrastructural facilities and technological change, training of educational personnel, civic education, as well as finances to recruit more teachers in junior and senior high schools. All in all the implementation of the new system was long overdue, its implementation is timely and measures should be put in place to oversee a proper implementation of this noble project, such that the returns of the investments are actualized and realized on time.


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References


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